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CommandLineParser.cs

//
// CommandLineParser.cs
//
// Author:
//   Aaron Bockover <abockover@novell.com>
//
// Copyright (C) 2007 Novell, Inc.
//
// Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining
// a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
// "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
// without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
// distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to
// permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to
// the following conditions:
//
// The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be
// included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
//
// THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
// EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
// MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND
// NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE
// LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION
// OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION
// WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
//

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Collections.ObjectModel;

namespace Hyena.CommandLine
{
    public class CommandLineParser
    {
        private struct Argument
        {
            public int Order;
            public string Value;

            public Argument (int order, string value)
            {
                Order = order;
                Value = value;
            }
        }

        private int generation;
        private int sorted_args_generation;
        private int offset;
        private string [] arguments;
        private KeyValuePair<string, Argument> [] sorted_args;
        private Dictionary<string, Argument> parsed_arguments = new Dictionary<string, Argument> ();
        private List<string> file_list = new List<string> ();

        public CommandLineParser () : this (Environment.GetCommandLineArgs (), 1)
        {
        }

        public CommandLineParser (string [] arguments, int offset)
        {
            this.arguments = arguments;
            this.offset = offset;

            Parse ();
        }

        private void Parse ()
        {
            for (int i = offset; i < arguments.Length; i++) {
                if (!IsOption (arguments[i])) {
                    file_list.Add (arguments[i]);
                    continue;
                }

                string name = OptionName (arguments[i]);
                string value = String.Empty;

                int eq_offset = name.IndexOf ('=');
                if (eq_offset > 1) {
                    value = name.Substring (eq_offset + 1);
                    name = name.Substring (0, eq_offset);
                }

                if (parsed_arguments.ContainsKey (name)) {
                    parsed_arguments[name] = new Argument (i, value);
                } else {
                    parsed_arguments.Add (name, new Argument (i, value));
                }
            }
        }

        private bool IsOption (string argument)
        {
            return argument.Length > 2 && argument.Substring (0, 2) == "--";
        }

        private string OptionName (string argument)
        {
            return argument.Substring (2);
        }

        public bool Contains (string name)
        {
            return parsed_arguments.ContainsKey (name);
        }

        public bool ContainsStart (string start)
        {
            foreach (string argument in parsed_arguments.Keys) {
                if (argument.StartsWith (start)) {
                    return true;
                }
            }
            return false;
        }

        public string this[string name] {
            get { return Contains (name) ? parsed_arguments[name].Value : String.Empty; }
            set {
                Argument arg = parsed_arguments[name];
                arg.Value = value;
                parsed_arguments[name] = arg;
                generation++;
            }
        }

        public IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<string, string>> Arguments {
            get {
                if (sorted_args == null || sorted_args_generation != generation) {
                    sorted_args = new KeyValuePair<string, Argument>[parsed_arguments.Count];
                    int i = 0;

                    foreach (KeyValuePair<string, Argument> arg in parsed_arguments) {
                        sorted_args[i++] = arg;
                    }

                    Array.Sort (sorted_args, delegate (KeyValuePair<string, Argument> a, KeyValuePair<string, Argument> b) {
                        return a.Value.Order.CompareTo (b.Value.Order);
                    });

                    sorted_args_generation = generation;
                }

                foreach (KeyValuePair<string, Argument> arg in sorted_args) {
                    yield return new KeyValuePair<string, string> (arg.Key, arg.Value.Value);
                }
            }
        }

        public ReadOnlyCollection<string> Files {
            get { return new ReadOnlyCollection<string> (file_list); }
        }

        public override string ToString ()
        {
            System.Text.StringBuilder builder = new System.Text.StringBuilder ();

            builder.Append ("Parsed Arguments\n");
            foreach (KeyValuePair<string, Argument> argument in parsed_arguments) {
                builder.AppendFormat ("  {0} = [{1}]\n", argument.Key, argument.Value.Value);
            }

            builder.Append ("\nFile List\n");
            foreach (string file in file_list) {
                builder.AppendFormat ("{0}\n", file);
            }

            return builder.ToString ();
        }
    }
}

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