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RangeCollectionTests.cs

//
// RangeCollectionTests.cs
//
// Author:
//   Aaron Bockover <abockover@novell.com>
//
// Copyright (C) 2007-2008 Novell, Inc.
//
// Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining
// a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
// "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
// without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
// distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to
// permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to
// the following conditions:
//
// The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be
// included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
//
// THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
// EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
// MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND
// NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE
// LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION
// OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION
// WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
//

#if ENABLE_TESTS

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using NUnit.Framework;
using Hyena.Collections;

namespace Hyena.Collections.Tests
{
    [TestFixture]
    public class RangeCollectionTests
    {
        [Test]
        public void SingleRanges ()
        {
            _TestRanges (new RangeCollection (), new int [] { 1, 11, 5, 7, 15, 32, 3, 9, 34 });
        }

        [Test]
        public void MergedRanges ()
        {
            RangeCollection range = new RangeCollection ();
            int [] indexes = new int [] { 0, 7, 5, 9, 1, 6, 8, 2, 10, 12 };

            _TestRanges (range, indexes);
            Assert.AreEqual (3, range.RangeCount);

            int i= 0;
            foreach (RangeCollection.Range r in range.Ranges) {
                switch (i++) {
                    case 0:
                        Assert.AreEqual (0, r.Start);
                        Assert.AreEqual (2, r.End);
                        break;
                    case 1:
                        Assert.AreEqual (5, r.Start);
                        Assert.AreEqual (10, r.End);
                        break;
                    case 2:
                        Assert.AreEqual (12, r.Start);
                        Assert.AreEqual (12, r.End);
                        break;
                    default:
                        Assert.Fail ("This should not be reached!");
                        break;
                }
            }
        }

        [Test]
        public void LargeSequentialContains ()
        {
            RangeCollection range = new RangeCollection ();
            int i, n = 1000000;

            for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
                range.Add (i);
            }

            for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
                Assert.AreEqual (true, range.Contains (i));
            }
        }

        [Test]
        public void LargeSequential ()
        {
            RangeCollection range = new RangeCollection ();
            int i, n = 1000000;

            for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
                range.Add (i);
                Assert.AreEqual (1, range.RangeCount);
            }

            Assert.AreEqual (n, range.Count);

            i = 0;
            foreach (int j in range) {
                Assert.AreEqual (i++, j);
            }

            Assert.AreEqual (n, i);
        }

        [Test]
        public void LargeNonAdjacent ()
        {
            RangeCollection range = new RangeCollection ();
            int i, n = 1000000;

            for (i = 0; i < n; i += 2) {
                range.Add (i);
            }

            Assert.AreEqual (n / 2, range.Count);

            i = 0;
            foreach (int j in range) {
                Assert.AreEqual (i, j);
                i += 2;
            }

            Assert.AreEqual (n, i);
        }

        private static void _TestRanges (RangeCollection range, int [] indexes)
        {
            foreach (int index in indexes) {
                range.Add (index);
            }

            Assert.AreEqual (indexes.Length, range.Count);

            Array.Sort (indexes);

            int i = 0;
            foreach (int index in range) {
                Assert.AreEqual (indexes[i++], index);
            }

            #pragma warning disable 0618

            i = 0;
            foreach (int index in range.Indexes) {
                Assert.AreEqual (indexes[i++], index);
            }

            for (i = 0; i < range.Indexes.Length; i++) {
                Assert.AreEqual (indexes[i], range.Indexes[i]);
            }

            #pragma warning restore 0618

        }

        [Test]
        public void RemoveSingles ()
        {
            RangeCollection range = new RangeCollection ();
            int [] indexes = new int [] { 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14 };
            foreach (int index in indexes) {
                range.Add (index);
            }

            foreach (int index in indexes) {
                Assert.AreEqual (true, range.Remove (index));
            }
        }

        [Test]
        public void RemoveStarts ()
        {
            RangeCollection range = _SetupTestRemoveMerges ();

            Assert.AreEqual (true, range.Contains (0));
            range.Remove (0);
            Assert.AreEqual (false, range.Contains (0));
            Assert.AreEqual (4, range.RangeCount);

            Assert.AreEqual (true, range.Contains (2));
            range.Remove (2);
            Assert.AreEqual (false, range.Contains (2));
            Assert.AreEqual (4, range.RangeCount);
            Assert.AreEqual (3, range.Ranges[0].Start);
            Assert.AreEqual (5, range.Ranges[0].End);

            Assert.AreEqual (true, range.Contains (14));
            range.Remove (14);
            Assert.AreEqual (false, range.Contains (14));
            Assert.AreEqual (4, range.RangeCount);
            Assert.AreEqual (15, range.Ranges[2].Start);
            Assert.AreEqual (15, range.Ranges[2].End);
        }

        [Test]
        public void RemoveEnds ()
        {
            RangeCollection range = _SetupTestRemoveMerges ();

            Assert.AreEqual (true, range.Contains (5));
            range.Remove (5);
            Assert.AreEqual (false, range.Contains (5));
            Assert.AreEqual (5, range.RangeCount);
            Assert.AreEqual (2, range.Ranges[1].Start);
            Assert.AreEqual (4, range.Ranges[1].End);

            Assert.AreEqual (true, range.Contains (15));
            range.Remove (15);
            Assert.AreEqual (false, range.Contains (15));
            Assert.AreEqual (5, range.RangeCount);
            Assert.AreEqual (14, range.Ranges[3].Start);
            Assert.AreEqual (14, range.Ranges[3].End);
        }

        [Test]
        public void RemoveMids ()
        {
            RangeCollection range = _SetupTestRemoveMerges ();

            Assert.AreEqual (5, range.RangeCount);
            Assert.AreEqual (14, range.Ranges[3].Start);
            Assert.AreEqual (15, range.Ranges[3].End);
            Assert.AreEqual (true, range.Contains (9));
            range.Remove (9);
            Assert.AreEqual (false, range.Contains (9));
            Assert.AreEqual (6, range.RangeCount);
            Assert.AreEqual (7, range.Ranges[2].Start);
            Assert.AreEqual (8, range.Ranges[2].End);
            Assert.AreEqual (10, range.Ranges[3].Start);
            Assert.AreEqual (11, range.Ranges[3].End);
            Assert.AreEqual (14, range.Ranges[4].Start);
            Assert.AreEqual (15, range.Ranges[4].End);
        }

        private static RangeCollection _SetupTestRemoveMerges ()
        {
            RangeCollection range = new RangeCollection ();
            int [] indexes = new int [] {
                0,
                2, 3, 4, 5,
                7, 8, 9, 10, 11,
                14, 15,
                17, 18, 19
            };

            foreach (int index in indexes) {
                range.Add (index);
            }

            int i = 0;
            foreach (RangeCollection.Range r in range.Ranges) {
                switch (i++) {
                    case 0:
                        Assert.AreEqual (0, r.Start);
                        Assert.AreEqual (0, r.End);
                        break;
                    case 1:
                        Assert.AreEqual (2, r.Start);
                        Assert.AreEqual (5, r.End);
                        break;
                    case 2:
                        Assert.AreEqual (7, r.Start);
                        Assert.AreEqual (11, r.End);
                        break;
                    case 3:
                        Assert.AreEqual (14, r.Start);
                        Assert.AreEqual (15, r.End);
                        break;
                    case 4:
                        Assert.AreEqual (17, r.Start);
                        Assert.AreEqual (19, r.End);
                        break;
                    default:
                        Assert.Fail ("Should never reach here");
                        break;
                }
            }

            return range;
        }

        #pragma warning disable 0618

        [Test]
        public void IndexesCacheGeneration ()
        {
            RangeCollection range = new RangeCollection ();
            int [] index_cache = range.Indexes;

            Assert.AreSame (index_cache, range.Indexes);

            range.Add (0);
            range.Add (5);

            if (index_cache == range.Indexes) {
                Assert.Fail ("Indexes Cache not regenerated after change");
            }

            index_cache = range.Indexes;
            range.Remove (0);
            range.Add (3);

            if (index_cache == range.Indexes) {
                Assert.Fail ("Indexes Cache not regenerated after change");
            }
        }

        #pragma warning restore 0618

        [Test]
        public void IndexOf ()
        {
            RangeCollection range = new RangeCollection ();

            range.Add (0);
            range.Add (2);
            range.Add (3);
            range.Add (5);
            range.Add (6);
            range.Add (7);
            range.Add (8);
            range.Add (11);
            range.Add (12);
            range.Add (13);

            Assert.AreEqual (0, range.IndexOf (0));
            Assert.AreEqual (1, range.IndexOf (2));
            Assert.AreEqual (2, range.IndexOf (3));
            Assert.AreEqual (3, range.IndexOf (5));
            Assert.AreEqual (4, range.IndexOf (6));
            Assert.AreEqual (5, range.IndexOf (7));
            Assert.AreEqual (6, range.IndexOf (8));
            Assert.AreEqual (7, range.IndexOf (11));
            Assert.AreEqual (8, range.IndexOf (12));
            Assert.AreEqual (9, range.IndexOf (13));
            Assert.AreEqual (-1, range.IndexOf (99));
        }

        [Test]
        public void IndexerForGoodIndexes ()
        {
            RangeCollection range = new RangeCollection ();

            /*
            Range  Idx  Value
            0-2    0 -> 0
                   1 -> 1
                   2 -> 2

            7-9    3 -> 7
                   4 -> 8
                   5 -> 9

            11-13  6 -> 11
                   7 -> 12
                   8 -> 13
            */

            range.Add (0);
            range.Add (1);
            range.Add (2);
            range.Add (7);
            range.Add (8);
            range.Add (9);
            range.Add (11);
            range.Add (12);
            range.Add (13);

            Assert.AreEqual (0, range[0]);
            Assert.AreEqual (1, range[1]);
            Assert.AreEqual (2, range[2]);
            Assert.AreEqual (7, range[3]);
            Assert.AreEqual (8, range[4]);
            Assert.AreEqual (9, range[5]);
            Assert.AreEqual (11, range[6]);
            Assert.AreEqual (12, range[7]);
            Assert.AreEqual (13, range[8]);
        }

        [Test]
        public void StressForGoodIndexes ()
        {
            Random random = new Random (0xbeef);
            RangeCollection ranges = new RangeCollection ();
            List<int> indexes = new List<int> ();

            for (int i = 0, n = 75000; i < n; i++) {
                int value = random.Next (n);
                if (ranges.Add (value)) {
                    CollectionExtensions.SortedInsert (indexes, value);
                }
            }

            Assert.AreEqual (indexes.Count, ranges.Count);
            for (int i = 0; i < indexes.Count; i++) {
                Assert.AreEqual (indexes[i], ranges[i]);
            }
        }

        [Test]
        [ExpectedException (typeof (IndexOutOfRangeException))]
        public void IndexerForNegativeBadIndex ()
        {
            RangeCollection range = new RangeCollection ();
            Assert.AreEqual (0, range[1]);
        }

        [Test]
        [ExpectedException (typeof (IndexOutOfRangeException))]
        public void IndexerForZeroBadIndex ()
        {
            RangeCollection range = new RangeCollection ();
            Assert.AreEqual (0, range[0]);
        }

        [Test]
        [ExpectedException (typeof (IndexOutOfRangeException))]
        public void IndexerForPositiveBadIndex ()
        {
            RangeCollection range = new RangeCollection ();
            range.Add (1);
            Assert.AreEqual (0, range[1]);
        }

        [Test]
        public void ExplicitInterface ()
        {
            ICollection<int> range = new RangeCollection ();
            range.Add (1);
            range.Add (2);
            range.Add (5);
            range.Add (6);

            Assert.AreEqual (4, range.Count);
        }

        [Test]
        public void NegativeIndices ()
        {
            RangeCollection c = new RangeCollection ();
            c.Add (-10);
            c.Add (-5);
            c.Add (5);
            c.Add (-8);
            c.Add (10);
            c.Add (-9);
            c.Add (-11);

            Assert.IsTrue (c.Contains(-10), "#1");
            Assert.IsTrue (c.Contains(-5), "#2");
            Assert.IsTrue (c.Contains(5), "#3");
            Assert.IsTrue (c.Contains(-8), "#4");
            Assert.AreEqual (4, c.RangeCount, "#5");
            Assert.AreEqual (new RangeCollection.Range (-11, -8), c.Ranges[0], "#6");
            Assert.AreEqual (new RangeCollection.Range (-5, -5), c.Ranges[1], "#7");
            Assert.AreEqual (new RangeCollection.Range (5, 5), c.Ranges[2], "#8");
            Assert.AreEqual (new RangeCollection.Range (10, 10), c.Ranges[3], "#9");

            Assert.AreEqual (0, c.FindRangeIndexForValue (-9), "#10");
            Assert.IsTrue (c.FindRangeIndexForValue (-7) < 0, "#11");
        }

        [Test]
        public void IPAddressRanges ()
        {
            RangeCollection ranges = new RangeCollection ();

            int start = GetAddress ("127.0.0.1");
            int end = GetAddress ("127.0.0.50");

            for (int i = start; i <= end; i++) {
                ranges.Add (i);
            }

            Assert.IsTrue (ranges.Contains (GetAddress ("127.0.0.15")));
            Assert.IsFalse (ranges.Contains (GetAddress ("127.0.0.0")));
            Assert.IsFalse (ranges.Contains (GetAddress ("127.0.0.51")));
        }

        private static int GetAddress (string addressStr)
        {
            System.Net.IPAddress address = System.Net.IPAddress.Parse (addressStr);
            return (int)(System.Net.IPAddress.NetworkToHostOrder (
                BitConverter.ToInt32 (address.GetAddressBytes (), 0)) >> 32);
        }
    }
}

#endif

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